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"beg the question"是什么意思?

提问于 15 Jun '14, 12:41

%E9%83%91%E5%B9%BF%E6%B1%89's gravatar image

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A) to make you want to ask a question that has not yet been answered
This proposal begs the question of who is going to pay for the new building.
B) to treat an idea as though it were true or had been proved, when this may not be the case.
词典上都有。

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回答于 16 Jun '14, 16:50

prowltiger's gravatar image

prowltiger
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It should mean avoiding the question (or “to improperly take for granted”), when used in the original sense:

a type of logical fallacy in which the proposition to be proved is assumed implicitly or explicitly in the premise.

Begs the question:
(petitio principii, "assuming the initial point")

An argument that improperly assumes as true the very point the speaker is trying to argue for is said in formal logic to “beg the question.” Here is an example of a question-begging argument:

"This painting is trash because it is obviously worthless."

The speaker is simply asserting the worthlessness of the work, not presenting any evidence to demonstrate that this is in fact the case
Most people now suppose the phrase implies something quite different: that the argument demands that a question about it be asked—raises the question. Although using the expression in its original sense is now rare, using it in the newer sense will cause irritation among traditionalists.

More recently, "to beg the question" has been used as a synonym for "to raise the question": for example,

"This year's budget deficit is half a trillion dollars,
which begs the question: how are we going to balance the budget?"

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回答于 24 Jun '14, 13:04

%E7%93%A6%E5%B0%94%E7%89%87's gravatar image

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提问时间: 15 Jun '14, 12:41

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最后更新于: 24 Jun '14, 13:04

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