提问于 16 Apr '14, 09:09
例：主语为名词：Here comes the bus.状 + 谓 + 主
主语为代词：Here you are. 状 + 主 + 谓
Then___ we had been looking forward to.
A) the hour came B)came the hour C)did the hour D) the hour did come
Look forward to doing:
I’m looking forward to hearing from you soon.
如：in, out, up, down, off, away
Away flew the mosquito.
Up went the prices and ___.
A) the living standard came down B) came down the living standard
C) down the living standard came D) down came the living standard
Living standard 生活水平
Living conditions 生活状况
Go up/down 价格上涨/下降
On a hill in front of them____.
A)a great castle stood B)did a great castle stand
C) stood a great castle D)a great castle stand
A great castle 主语
On a hill in front of them为地点状语提前，其后用完全倒装,1,4非倒装排除，2为部分倒装排除，选3。
①so, neither/nor 提到句首时后面用完全倒装的形式
受够了： be fed up with/be tired of /be sick of
容忍：put up with
提出(计划，方案)： come up with
中断，分手：break up with
I’m fed up with you .
I can’t put up with you any longer.
Now, I come up with a solution.
I want to break up with you.
I didn’t mean to hurt you. Neither do I.
She never laughed, ___ lose her temper.
A. or she ever did
B. nor did she ever
C. or did she ever
D. nor she ever did
Lose one’s temper 发脾气
We don"t need air conditioning, ___.
A. nor can we afford it
B. and nor we can afford it
C. neither can afford it
D. and we can neither afford it
Afford sth./to do sth.
看选项均为否定,选有倒装的A),C)改为neither can we afford it
I could not persuade him to accept it, ___ make him see the importance of it.
A. if only I could not
B. no more than I could
C. or I could not
D. nor could I
Persuade sb. to do sth. 劝某人去做某事
Persuade sb. into doing sth. 劝某人做了某事(已成功)
See the importance of sth. 认识到……的重要性
If only 要是……就好了(其后用虚拟)
No more than 不超过
No less than 不少于
Wood does not conduct electricity, ____.
A) so do rubber B) so does rubber C)nor does rubber D)nor rubber does
All animals need air and_.
A) so plants do B) so need plants C)so do plants D) plants are so
②在省略IF的条件从句中，should, had, could, were可以提到句首。
Had he worked harder, he ___ the exams.
A. must have got through
B. could get through
C. would get through
D. would have got through
Get through 通过/ he failed in the exam
If he had worked harder
IF条件从句用had done, 主句用would(could,should,might)+have done
___ for my illness I would have lent him a helping hand.
A. Not being
B. Had it not been
C. Without being
D. Not having been
Lend/give sb. a hand
主句为would have done 从句应为had done
还原为：If it hadn’t been for…
③有些让步状语从句有时也有倒装的情况，如：as, though 在表达“尽管”的含义时，从句的一部分谓语，表语部分或被强调的部分或应提前置于句首。
___ as it was at such a time, his work attracted much attention.
A. Being published
D. To be published
正常语序是：As it was published at such a time
Great as Newton was, many of his ideas ___ today and are being modified by the work of scientists of our time.
A. are to challenge
B. may be challenged
C. have been challenged
D. are challenging
看题目，前半句为倒装，正常语序为As Newton was great
modify 修改，修饰 challenge/challenging
___, he does get annoyed with her sometimes.
A. Although much he likes her
B. As he likes her much
C. Much although he likes her
D. Much as he likes her
get annoyed with sb.= be angry with sb.
看题目：although 后面的从句一定不能用倒装;AS 后面的从句一定要倒装。
④含有否定意义的词：never, little, few, hardly, scarcely, seldom, in no way, no longer, on no account, under no circumstances放在句首(包括从句句首)时，其后用部分倒装。
We have been told that under no circumstances ___ the telephone in the office for personal affairs.
A. may we use
B. we may use
C. we could use
D. did we use
看题目，导致倒装的成分under no circumstances位于宾语从句句首
Only under special circumstances ___ to take make-up tests.
A. permitted are freshmen
B. freshmen are permitted
C. are freshmen permitted
D. are permitted freshmen
under special circumstances在特殊情况下
take tests 参加考试
make up 构成/捏造/弥补/化妆
make-up tests 这是大家经常参加的什么考试?对了!补考。
看选项，正常语序应为： freshmen are permitted;这里由ONLY +状语
under special circumstances，其后的句子用部分倒装，把BE 动词提前，
Only by shouting at the top of his voice ___.
A. was he able to make himself hear
B. he was able to make himself hear
C. he was able to make himself heard
D. was he able to make himself heard
Only+状语by shouting at the top of his voice
make sb. do sth.让某人做……
make sb. done 让某人被别人怎么样
⑥no sooner…than…/hardly…when…/scarcely…when… 一……就……
Not until the game had begun ___ at the sports ground.
A. had he arrived
B. would he have arrived
C. did he arrive
D. should he have arrived
sports ground 运动场 sports meet(meeting)运动会
No sooner had we reached to top of the hill ___ we all sat down to rest.
___ she realized it was too late to go home.
A. No sooner it grew dark than
B. Hardly did it grow dark that
C. Scarcely had it grown dark than
D. It was not until dark that
回答于 17 Apr '14, 09:21